Psychotherapy is an interpersonal, relational intervention used by trained psychotherapists to aid patients in problems of living. This usually includes increasing an individual’s sense of well-being and reducing subjective discomforting experience. Psychotherapists employ a range of techniques based on experiential relationship building; dialogue, communication and behavior change and that are designed to improve the mental health of a client or patient, or to improve group relationships (such as in a family).
PSYCHOTHERAPY MODALITIES (available at Emanuel Martinez, M.D. and Associates)
Individual Psychotherapy: Individual psychotherapy involves one-on-one interaction between a therapist and a patient. The therapist may be a licensed psychologist, licensed social worker, or licensed therapist. During psychotherapy, efforts are made to understand a patient’s thoughts and feelings that are involved in behaviors and decision-making. The psychotherapy also involves helping the patient develop more effective strategies to manage stress and emotions, and to make more effective decisions about behaviors.
Family Psychotherapy: Family psychotherapy involves a therapist meeting with two or more members of a family. Family psychotherapy helps individual family members better understand the thoughts, motivations, feelings, and behaviors of other family members. Communication improves and family members make more effective behavior choices.
PSYCHOTHERAPY TECHNIQUES (which may be utilized)
Psychodynamic Psychotherapy is a form of insight-oriented “talk therapy” the primary focus of which is to explore underlying conscious or unconscious causes of how a patient may be feeling or acting. The interpersonal relationship between the patient and the therapist is crucial to allowing for trust to occur and for reactions that occur within the therapeutic relationship to be explored in terms of how those reactions may impact the patient in his/her everyday life and relationships. This form of therapy tends to be more eclectic than others, taking techniques from a variety of sources, rather than relying on a single system of intervention.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
CBT is a form of psychotherapy that emphasizes the important role of thinking in how we feel and what we do. It is focused on modifying everyday thoughts and behaviors, with the aim of positively influencing emotions. The therapist helps clients recognize distorted thinking and learn to replace unhealthy thoughts with more realistic substitute ideas. It does not exist as a distinct therapeutic technique. There are several approaches to cognitive-behavioral therapy, including Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, Rational Behavior Therapy, Rational Living Therapy, Cognitive Therapy, and Dialectic Behavior Therapy. However, most cognitive-behavioral therapies have the following characteristics:
CBT is based on the Cognitive Model of Emotional Response.
CBT is briefer and time-limited.
A sound therapeutic relationship is necessary for effective therapy, but not the focus.
CBT is a collaborative effort between the therapist and the client.
CBT is structured and directive.
CBT is based on an educational model.
CBT theory and techniques rely on the Inductive Method.
Homework is a central feature of CBT.